From Avisynth wiki
Jump to: navigation, search
Author tritical
Version 1.0.4
Download TIVTCv105.zip
Category Deinterlacers


[edit] Description

TFM is a field matching filter that recovers the original progressive frames from a telecined stream. It does not decimate the resulting duplicate frames though, so to achieve an IVTC you must follow TFM with a decimation filter such as TDecimate(), which is also included in the TIVTC dll.

[edit] Syntax and Parameters

While TFM does have quite a few parameters, I have tried to categorize the settings so they are easier to manage. Really there are only 3 parameters most users should be concerned about knowing or ever setting. They are "order", "mode", and "PP" and are described under the "basic parameters" section. The other settings are described under the other various sections which should be pretty easy to figure out from the names.

       TFM(int order, int field, int mode, int PP. string ovr, string input, string output,
            string outputC, bool debug, bool display, int slow, bool mChroma, int cNum,
            int cthresh, int MI, bool chroma, int blockx, int blocky, int y0, int y1,
            int mthresh, PClip clip2, string d2v, int ovrDefault, int flags, double scthresh,
            int micout, int micmatching, string trimIn, int hint, int metric, bool batch,
            bool ubsco, bool mmsco, int opt)

[edit] Basic parameters

These are the only three parameters most users should be concerned with or worry about setting. They control the basic operation of the filter.

     order - 

        Sets the field order of the clip. The field order must be correctly set for
        accurate field matching to occur. Possible values:

           -1 = auto (use avisynth's internal parity value)
            0 = bottom field first (bff)
            1 = top field first (tff)

        Default:  -1  (int)

     mode - 

        Sets the matching mode or strategy to use.  Plain 2-way matching (option 0) is the
        safest of all the options in the sense that it wont risk creating jerkiness due to
        duplicate frames when possible, but if there are bad edits or blended fields it will
        end up outputting combed frames when a good match might actually exist.  3-way matching
        + trying the 4th/5th matches if all 3 of the original matches are detected as combed
        (option 5) is the most risky in terms of creating jerkiness, but will almost always
        find a good frame if there is one.  The other settings (options 1, 2, 3, 4, and 6) are all
        somewhere in between options 0 and 5 in terms of risking jerkiness and creating
        duplicate frames vs. finding good matches in sections with bad edits, orphaned fields,
        blended fields, etc...

        Mode 7 is is not one of the normal modes and is specifically for material with blended
        fields that follows a specific pattern.  Mode 7 requires linear access to work correctly
        because what match/field are used depends on previous match decisions.

        Possible settings are:

            0 = 2-way match                                                          (p/c)
            1 = 2-way match + 3rd match on combed                                    (p/c + n)
            2 = 2-way match + 3rd match (same order) on combed                       (p/c + u)
            3 = 2-way match + 3rd match on combed + 4th/5th matches if still combed  (p/c + n + u/b)
            4 = 3-way match                                                          (p/c/n)
            5 = 3-way match + 4th/5th matches on combed                              (p/c/n + u/b)
            6 = mode 2 + extras if combed                                            (p/c + u + n + b)
            7 = mode 0 + field switching based on previous matches

        The () at the end indicate the matches that would be used for that mode assuming order = 1
        and field = 1.

           * In terms of speed option 0 is by far the fastest and 5 is the slowest.

        Default:  1  (int)

     PP -

        Sets the post-processing mode.  This controls how TFM should handle (or not handle)
        any combed frames that come out of the field matching process.  Possible options

            0 - nothing (don't even look for combed frames)
            1 - find/hint combed frames but don't deinterlace
            2 - dumb blend deinterlacing
            3 - dumb cubic interpolation deinterlacing
            4 - dumb modified-ela deinterlacing
            5 - motion-adaptive blend deinterlacing
            6 - motion-adaptive cubic interpolation deinterlacing
            7 - motion-adaptive modified-ela deinterlacing

           * You can also use the "clip2" parameter to specify an externally deinterlaced clip
             from which TFM will take frames instead of doing the deinterlacing itself.  See
             the clip2 parameter description for more info and to see how the PP settings effect
             operation with clip2.

           * You can manually control what frames should be marked as combed as well as the
             PP option through an overrides file (see the ovr parameter description)

        Default:  6  (int)

[edit] Advanced parameters

These parameters give finer control over the matching operation, combed frame detection, and deinterlacing of combed frames. While correctly tweaking these values can increase matching accuracy they can also make things worse.

     field - 

         Sets the field to match from.  It is recommended to set this to the same value
         as order unless you experience matching failures with that setting.  In certain
         circumstances changing the field that is used to match from can have a large impact
         on matching performance. Possible values are:

           -1 = auto (TFM will set field to the same value as the order parameter)
            0 = bottom field
            1 = top field

         Default:  -1  (int)

     slow -

         Sets which field matching fuction is used.  Possible settings:

            0 - normal   (should have the worst accuracy)
            1 - slower
            2 - slowest  (should have the best accuracy)

         This is basically a quality vs. speed option (the slower the function the more
         accurate it should be).  Prior to v0.9.9.1 of tfm this was a boolean value, true
         from previous versions corresponds to a current value of 1 and false corresponds
         to a current value of 0.

         Default:  1  (int)

     mChroma -

         Sets whether or not chroma is included during the match comparisons.  In most
         cases it is recommended to leave this enabled.  Only if your clip has bad chroma
         problems such as heavy rainbowing or other artifacts should you set this to false.
         Setting this to false could also be used to speed things up at the cost of some 

            true = chroma is included
            false = chroma is not included

         Default:  true  (bool)

     y0/y1 -

         These define an exclusion band which excludes the lines between y0 and y1 from
         being included in the field matching decision.  An exclusion band can be used
         to ignore subtitles, a logo, or other things that may interfer with the matching.
         y0 sets the starting scan line and y1 sets the ending line, all lines in between
         y0 and y1 (including y0 and y1) will be ignored.  Set y0 equal to y1 to disable.

         Default:  y0 - 0  (int)
                   y1 - 0  (int)

     scthresh -

         Sets the scenechange threshold as a percentage of maximum change on the luma plane.
         Good values are in the 8.0 to 14.0 range.  Scenechange detection is used by the
         following parameters:  ubsco, mmsco, and flags (only flags=5).  The range for
         scthresh is [0.0, 100.0].

         Default:  12.0  (double)

     ubsco -

         Allow u/b matches to be used only around scenechanges.  The 'scthresh' parameter sets the
         scenechange threshold as a percentage of maximum change on the luma plane.  To disable
         this (allow u/b matches everywhere) set ubsco to false.  The ubsco setting only effects
         automatic matching, i.e. u/b matches via an overrides or input file are not changed.
         The only matching modes that ubsco is used with are 2, 3, 5, and 6 (the only ones that
         use u/b matches).

         Default:  true (bool)

     micmatching -

         When micmatching is greater than 0, tfm will take into account the mic values of matches
         when deciding what match to use as the final match.  micmatching has 5 possible settings:

           0 - disabled
           1 - mics are only used to determine if of the 5 possible matches there is one match
                  that has a significantly lower mic value than all of the other four matches.
                  With this option enabled it is possible for tfm to use any match (p/c/n/b/u)
                  regardless of the matching mode!
           2 - use mics to aid the decision within the current matching mode (only matches that
                  could be used within the current matching mode are considered)
           3 - do both option 1 and option 2
           4 - do a post field matching decision check only (this operation is included in
                  micmatching modes 1, 2, and 3, and is not subject to the mmsco parameter)

         Debug output will indicate when micmatching has led to a change in the match decision.
         Enabling micmatching will make processing slower due to needing to calculate mic values
         for matches that they normally wouldn't be calculated for.

         The "mmsco" parameter can be used to restrict the use of micmatching to scenechanges only.
         To do this, set mmsco to true... then, only frames on either side of a scenechange
         will have the possibility of being effected by micmatching.

            **** As of v0.9.10.0 of TFM, micmatching defaults to 1. That means any one of the five
            **** matches could be used regardless of the matching mode!  If you don't want this
            **** behavior then set micmatching to 0!

            **** As of v0.9.12.6 of TFM, all micmatching modes will run a check after each
            **** field matching decision to check for cases where the mic values make it
            **** obvious that the wrong match was chosen.  This part acts independently of
            **** the mmsco parameter.

         Default:  1  (int)

     mmsco -

         Allow micmatching around scenechanges only.  The 'scthresh' parameter sets the
         scenechange threshold as a percentage of maximum change on the luma plane. If set
         to true, then micmatching will be limited to scenechanges only.  If set to false,
         then micmatching will be allowed anywhere.

         Default:  true (bool)

     hint -

         Enables writing hint information into the video frames for tdecimate or tdeint to read.
         Information includes match used, combed vs. progressive, and d2v rff info. true enables
         writing, false disables.

         Default:  true (bool)

     opt -

         Controls which optimizations are used.  Possible settings:

            0 - use c routines
            1 - use mmx routines
            2 - use isse routines
            3 - use sse2 routines
            4 - auto detect

         Default:  4  (int)

   The rest of the "advanced parameters" control combed frame detection and deinterlacing,
   and are only used if mode is set to 1, 2, or 4 or PP (post-processing) is set to 1 or greater!

     cthresh -

         This is the area combing threshold used for combed frame detection.  It is like
         dthresh or dthreshold in telecide() and fielddeinterlace().  This essentially
         controls how "strong" or "visible" combing must be to be detected.  Larger values
         mean combing must be more visible and smaller values mean combing can be less
         visible or strong and still be detected.  Valid settings are from -1 (every pixel
         will be detected as combed) to 255 (no pixel will be detected as combed).  This
         is bascially a pixel difference value.  A good range is between 8 to 12.

         Default:  9  (int)

     chroma -

         Sets whether or not chroma is considered in the combed frame decision.  Only
         disable this if your source has chroma problems (rainbowing, etc...) that are
         causing problems for the combed frame detection with chroma enabled.  Actually,
         using chroma=false is usually more reliable, except for the case that there
         is chroma only combing in the source.

            true = chroma is included
            false = chroma is not included

         Default:  false  (bool)

     blockx -

         Sets the x-axis size of the window used during combed frame detection.  This has
         to do with the size of the area in which MI number of pixels are required to be
         detected as combed for a frame to be declared combed.  See the MI parameter
         description for more info.  Possible values are any number that is a power of
         2 starting at 4 and going to 2048 (i.e. 4, 8, 16, 32, ... 2048).

         Default:  16  (int)

     blocky -

         Sets the y-axis size of the window used during combed frame detection.  This has
         to do with the size of the area in which MI number of pixels are required to be
         detected as combed for a frame to be declared combed.  See the MI parameter
         description for more info.  Possible values are any number that is a power of
         2 starting at 4 and going to 2048 (i.e. 4, 8, 16, 32, ... 2048).

         Default:  16  (int)

     MI -

         The # of combed pixels inside any of the blocky by blockx size blocks on the frame
         for the frame to be detected as combed. While cthresh controls how "visible" the
         combing must be, this setting controls "how much" combing there must be in any localized
         area (a window defined by the blockx and blocky settings) on the frame.  Min setting = 0,
         max setting = blocky x blockx (at which point no frames will ever be detected as combed).

         Default:  80  (int)

     metric -

         Sets which spatial combing metric is used to detect combed pixels.  Possible

              Assume 5 neighboring pixels (a,b,c,d,e) positioned vertically.


            0:  d1 = c - b;
                d2 = c - d;
                if ((d1 > cthresh && d2 > cthresh) || (d1 < -cthresh && d2 < -cthresh))
                   if (abs(a+4*c+e-3*(b+d)) > cthresh*6) it's combed;

            1:  val = (b - c) * (d - c);
                if (val > cthresh*cthresh) it's combed;

         Metric 0 is what tfm used previous to v0.9.12.0.  Metric 1 is the combing metric used
         in Donald Graft's FieldDeinterlace()/IsCombed() funtions in decomb.dll.

         Default:  0  (int)

     mthresh -

         Sets the motion (pixel difference) threshold for deinterlacing when using motion
         adaptation (PP > 4).  As said, it is simply a pixel difference threshold between
         frames... if under mthresh then a pixel is considered static, if over mthresh it is
         considered moving.

         Default:  5  (int)

     clip2 -

         When using PP > 1 this parameter may be used to specify a clip to take deinterlaced
         frames from instead of using one of TFM's inbuilt deinterlacing methods.  If PP < 5
         then frames will be taken as is from clip2, if PP >= 5 (i.e. using motion adaptation)
         then TFM will build the mask as usual and only pixels in moving areas will be taken
         from the frames in clip2. Don't specify anything for clip2 to use TFM's internal
         deinterlacing.  For an example of using clip2 see the clip2_sample_avs.avs file.

         Default:  NULL  (PClip)

[edit] File input/output paramters

These settings deal with overrides file usage and output/input file options.

     d2v -

        This option is intended to be used if you are using an mpeg2source() with a d2v file.
        It sets the name and path to a d2v file, which TFM will analyze to see if there are any
        illegal field order changes and optionally set the order parameter using the field
        order of the d2v file.  If the d2v file is found to have illegal field order transitions,
        TFM will create a fixed d2v file with the string "-FIXED" attached to the end of the file
        name.  The new file will be located in the same directory as the original.  You can then
        use this fixed d2v file for processing.  If the order parameter is set to "-1" then TFM
        will detect the field order from the d2v file and set the order parameter to match. Depending
        on the value of the "flags" parameter, TFM will also use the d2v info for field matching
        and will pass info from the d2v on to tdecimate to help aid duplicate detection and hybrid

            *NOTE:  This option currently supports all d2v formats that I am aware of... which
                    include:  dvd2avi 1.76, 1.77.3 and its variants, all dvd2avidg versions, and
                    all dgindex versions.

            example =>  TFM(d2v="myd2v.d2v")

        Default:  ""  (String)

     flags -

        Controls how much of the info from the d2v file is used when the "d2v" parameter is set.
        Possible options:

           0 - Check the d2v file for illegal transitions and set the order parameter if it
                  is not already manually set.  Also, pass on rff flag duplicate info to
           1 - Same as 0, plus use the trf flags for field matching in film sections (sections
                  where the trf flags follow the 012301... pattern)
           2 - Same as 1, but use the trf flags for field matching in all areas (doesn't have
                   to be in 0123 pattern)  (very much not recommended!)
           3 - Same as 0, but don't pass on any info to tdecimate (i.e. only set order and check
                   for illegal transitions)
           4 - Same as 1, but d2v matches are checked for being combed.  If a d2v match is detected
                   as combed then tfm uses its own matching routine for that frame.
           5 - Same as 4, but d2v matches are only checked for being combed around scenechanges.

           VERY IMPORTANT (MUST READ):  For options 0, 1, 2, 4, and 5 to work correctly, tfm/tdecimate
                                        must either immediately follow the mpeg2source() command or
                                        any filters inbetween them must not modify the order or number
                                        of fields in the stream in any way. Or use a trimIn file to
                                        tell TFM what frames have been discarded.

        Default:  4  (int)

     trimIn -

         Allows using the d2v="" option with flags = 0, 1, 2, 4, and 5 while having trim() statements
         before TFM.  To use a trimIn file simply create a new file and set trimIn="PATH\file.txt". The
         file should list the ranges of frames that were NOT kept... for example, let's say the original
         file has 30000 frames but you remove the first 100 by using trim(100,0) before tfm.  Then in
         the trimIn file you would have the following entry:


         So you simply specify the ranges of frames that are no longer present.  You can have as many
         ranges as you want (for example if you want to cut out multiple sections) and they can be
         specified in any order.  To specify a single frame, such as 10, just use:


         If you only want to use a single range, then instead of providing a filename you can set
         trimIn equal to a string as follows:

              "0,99"   or   "10,10"    etc...

         You can also use negative numbers to do relative addressing of frames at the end of the clip.

             -1 = num_frames-1   
             -2 = num_frames-2  
             -3 = num_frames-3

         So using  "-2,-1"  would be the same as specifying the final two frames.

         Default:  ""  (String)

     ovr -

        Sets the name and path to an overrides file.  An overrides file allows for manual control
        over what matches are used for specific frames and ranges of frames, for changing the
        values of the field, mode, order, mthresh, PP, and MI parameters for specific frames or ranges
        of frames, and for specifiying whether or not a frame should be consider combed or not
        combed.  For more information on using an overrides file see the OVERRIDES section at the
        bottom of this file.  You can specify an ovr file and an input file at the same time.
        Matches and combed frames given in the overrides file will take precedence over those in
        the input file.

            example =>   TFM(ovr="myOvrFile.txt")

            * NOTE:  The ovr option CANNOT read output files (files made via the output option).
                     To read output files use the input parameter.

        Default:  ""  (String)

     ovrDefault -

        This is an extra option that allows you to change the default "combed" action taken when
        using an ovr file.  By default, if you don't specify a frame as combed '+' or not combed '-'
        in an overrides file then TFM just processes it as usual.  However, with the ovrDefault
        option, you can make TFM mark all frames you don't explicitly specify as either combed
        or not combed.  Basically, its an easy way to only deinterlace a few specific frames in
        a file and make sure no other frames are touched or vice versa.  If no ovr file is
        used then this setting does nothing.  Possible settings:

              0 - normal processing
              1 - mark all frames not specified in ovr file as clean (not combed)
              2 - mark all frames not specified in ovr file as combed

        Default:  0  (int)

     output -

        Sets the name and path for an output file.  TFM will create the specified file and
        output all the matches and combed frame decisions used to it.  Each line will contain
        a frame number, the match used, and the combed frame decision used.  This file
        can then be used later for input via the input parameter (so that the matches wont
        have to be recalculated).  The output file will also contain the mic value for the
        match used on each frame and the mic values for other matches if micout > 0.

        Default:  ""  (String)

     input -

        This option is meant to be used with the output option.  If you have used the output
        option on a previous pass then to reuse that info set the input parameter to the name
        and path of the output file.  You can specify both an input file and an ovr file at
        the same time.  In such a case, matches in the overrides file will take precedence.
        The input option CANNOT read ovr files!!!  To read an ovr file you must use the ovr

        Default:  ""  (String)

     outputC -

        This option can be used to help identify 30fps progressive video sections by outputting
        the ranges over which at least "cNum" of consecutive matches were matched as 'c'.  This
        option isn't fool proof, as slow or static film scenes can also generate long series of
        consecutive 'c' matches.

        Default:  ""  (String)

     cNum -

         Number of consecutive 'c' matches required to output a range when using the outputC

         Default:  15  (int)

     batch -

         Disables crc checking of the current video with the crc in the input file.

         Default:  false  (bool)

[edit] Debug/display parameters

These settings control whether debug information is output or if display information is drawn on the frames. These options can be useful when using overrides or when trying to assess matching failures.

     debug -

         If set to true, information will be output via OutputDebugString() during
         processing concerning TFM's internal operations.  Info includes: match
         comparision statistics, match used, what matches were detected as combed
         (if in modes 1, 2, or 4 or PP > 0), and the values of field, mode, order, and MIC.
         To view this information you can use a utility called "DebugView" available for
         free from:  


            true = enables output
            false = disables output

         Default:  false  (bool)

     micout -

         Only used with debug=true, display=true, or output.  It forces tfm to calculate
         the MIC values for certain matches and output them with the debug and/or display
         info or include them in the output file.  Possible settings:

            0 - don't force calculation
            1 - calculate p/c/n
            2 - calculate p/c/n/b/u

         Default:  0 (int)

     display -

         If set to true, information will be drawn on the video frames themselves
         in the upper left hand corner.  This info is not as detailed as the debug
         output and only includes the current frame number, the values of mode,
         field, order, and MIC the match that was used for the current frame, and whether
         or not the output frame was combed if PP > 0.  This option can be useful
         when using overrides and you need to see what match is currently being used.
         If you need more detailed information, such as the match statistic numbers
         or to see if specific matches were detected as combed then you'll need to
         use debug output.  As of v0.9.1 display will also indicate if the final
         output frame is combed and whether or not it was deinterlaced if PP > 0.
         If PP = 1 and display is enabled, then TFM will draw a white box around the
         area of the frame that triggered its detection as combed when a frame is
         found to be combed through its internal detection (this wont be done if a
         frame is forced to be combed through overrides).

            true = enables
            false = disables

         Default:  false  (bool)

[edit] Overrides

This section gives an explanation of how to specify overrides, what each type of match means, and the list of possible overrides.

[edit] Background and overview:

     Before we get started there is one thing that needs to be understood, and that is
     what in the hell the p, c, n, b, and u letters mean and where they come from.
     Well, actually, before that we need to know what field matching actually does.  I
     am going to assume that the reader knows what is meant by saying a stream is
     telecined though.  Now, consider we have the following telecined stream with the
     bottom and top fields given as follows (1t and 1b are both assumed to come from
     the same progressive frame, as are 2t and 2b, etc...):

              1t  2t  2t  3t  4t  <= original stream
              1b  2b  3b  4b  4b

     Now what TFM does, as does any field matcher, is matches the fields so that only
     progressive frames remain; however, it does not decimate duplicates.  So, the above
     input stream gets transformed into one of the two following scenarios (which one
     depends on the field we are matching from, i.e. the value of the "field" parameter):

         field = 0  (matching from bottom)

              1t  2t  3t  4t  4t   <= output stream
              1b  2b  3b  4b  4b

               c   c   n   n   c   <= matches used

         field = 1  (matching from top)

              1t  2t  2t  3t  4t   <= output stream
              1b  2b  2b  3b  4b

               c   c   p   p   c   <= matches used

      From this example, you can see why the field setting can have an impact on the
      matching performance...  Anyways, now that we have an idea of what is happening
      we can move on to what p, c, n, b, and u mean.  Basically, these letters just stand
      for what match is used.  As you can see from the above example, c means that the
      field from the current frame and of the opposite parity to that of the field being
      matched from is used, p means the field of the opposite parity to the field we are
      matching from and from the previous frame is used, and n means the field of the
      opposite parity and from the next frame is used.  These three matches, p, c, and n
      are the most common or the usual matches.  In the mode parameter description these
      are the three matches that make up the 2-way and 3-way matching.  The other matches:
      u and b  are slightly different in that they don't use the field that is being matched
      from.  In the mode parameter description these two matches are the 4th/5th matches.
      A visual explanation of all of this would probably explain things much better, so here
      are the visual representations of each match:

            * In the following examples it is assumed that we are currently matching
              the second frame (2t/2b).  Also, an "x" has been placed next to both the
              top field and the bottom field that will be used due to the current match.

        field = 0:

              c             p             n             b             u          <= match

              x         x                    x          x             x
           1t 2t 2t     1t 2t 2t       1t 2t 2t      1t 2t 2t      1t 2t 2t      <= stream
           1b 2b 3b     1b 2b 3b       1b 2b 3b      1b 2b 3b      1b 2b 3b
              x            x              x          x                   x

              2t           1t             2t            2t            2t         <= output frame
              2b           2b             2b            1b            3b

        field = 1:

              c             p             n             b             u          <= match

              x            x              x          x                   x
           1t 2t 2t     1t 2t 2t       1t 2t 2t      1t 2t 2t      1t 2t 2t      <= stream
           1b 2b 3b     1b 2b 3b       1b 2b 3b      1b 2b 3b      1b 2b 3b
              x         x                    x          x             x

              2t           2t             2t            1t            2t         <= output frame
              2b           1b             3b            2b            2b

      Well, that should pretty well do it. There are a couple other points though.
      One, you can see from the above examples that the matches have different meanings
      depending on the value of the "field" parameter.  That is why in all ovr files
      you can specify the field value with respect to which the matches in the file are
      made.  This is so that when you specify an n, p, etc... match in an ovr file, TFM
      knows for sure what you mean.  You don't HAVE to specify the reference field though,
      if you don't give one TFM simply assumes you mean to use the same value as the
      current internal field value.   However, it is much safer to specify the value.
      The second point stems from the first point, and is simply that if the reference
      field you use for an ovr file is different from that of the internal field value
      then the matches will be switched accordingly so everything is the same.  However,
      this means that if your using debug or display output the matches wont be the same
      as the ones in your ovr file.  So for reference here are the conversions or

             with Field = 0 ___ is the same as ___ with Field = 1 and vice versa

                             p        ==        b
                             c        ==        c
                             n        ==        u
                             b        ==        p
                             u        ==        n

[edit] Syntax and using overrides:

      match codes:

              * See background/overview section for visual representation of matches.
                For range of frames overrides you can specify multiple match codes
                on the same line and the given pattern will be repeated over the length
                of the range.

         p = match to previous field
         c = match to current field
         n = match to next field
         b = match to previous field  (matches from opposite parity field)
         u = match to next field      (matches from opposite parity field)

      combed frame codes:

             * These can be used to manually force specific frames to be consider combed or
               clean.  You can specify patterns of combed frame codes like you can with
               match codes.

         + = force frame to be considered combed
         - = force frame to be considered not combed

      parameter codes:

             * Parameter codes, unlike match codes, also require a value to change to
               when used in overrides file.

         f = field
         o = order
         m = mode
         M = mthresh
         P = PP
         i = MI

      reference field:

         Since the match codes take on different meanings depending on the field parameter, you
         can specify a reference field for an overrides file.  All the matches given in file
         are then taken to be with respect to the given field.  If a reference field is not
         given then all matches are taken to be with reference to the filters internal field

         To specify the reference field you must put one of the following two lines as the
         VERY FIRST active line in the file:

              field = top
              field = bottom

         The first one would set the reference field to top (1) and the second would set it to
         bottom (0).  For an example see the included example ovr file included in the filter
         zip file.

      override syntax:

           single frame =>  frame_number code(s) [change_value]    [] = only required for parameter codes

           frame range =>   start_frame,end_frame code(s) [change_value]


           0,100 pcpcbuu       will repeat the given pattern "pcpcbuu" of matches starting at
                                  frame 0 and ending at frame 100

           101 p               will use match p for frame 101

           300,400 c           will use match c for frames 300 through 400

           100,150 f -1        will set the field parameter to -1 for frames 100 through 150

           500,750 m 1         will set the mode parameter to 1 for frames 500 through 750

           871 o 1             will set the order parameter to 1 (tff) for frame 871

           3000,4231 cccpp     will repeat the cccpp pattern from frame 3000 till frame 4231

           4343 u              will use match u for frame 4343

           ;756 p              will be ignored

           #what is this?!?!   will be ignored

           70 -                will force frame 70 to be considered clean (not combed)

           60,80 +             will force frames 60 through 80 to be considered combed

           70,97 +--++         will force frames 70 to 97 to be considered combed or not combed
                                  as indicated by the pattern given

           87,100 P 2          will set the PP parameter to 2 for frames 87 through 100

           200 M -1            will set the mthresh parameter to -1 for frame 200

           10,20 i 100         will set MI to 100 for frames 10 through 20

[edit] Other things to know/remember:

           1.) Ranges are inclusive.

           2.) For parameter codes, the changed value is always set back to what it was
               originally set to after the override goes out of the specified range.
               (i.e. if you specify a field override for frame 600 to 700 after frame
               700 field is set back to its original value automatically, you don't need
               to set it back in the overrides file!  The original value is what it is
               set to on load (i.e. either the default or what you set it to in your
               avisynth script).

           3.) Frame numbers must be within range for the file.

           4.) Frame numbers for match codes must be ascending, and frame numbers for the
               same parameter codes must not overlap!!!  In other words, don't make
               multiple overrides for the same parameter over the same range of frames.

           5.) The spacing is important!  (no spaces between the comma and frame numbers,
               one space between the end frame number and the specifier, one space between
               the specifier and the value to change to if it has one). Just look at the
               examples for clarification.

           6.) Only match codes and combed frame codes can be used in pattern specifications.
               Pattern specifications can be up to 50 match codes maximum.

           7.) To comment out a line (have TFM ignore it) in an ovr file, you can
               either put a '#' symbol or ';' at the beginning of the line.

           8.) An example ovr file w/ comments is included in the filter zip file for reference.

           9.) Setting the second frame in a range to 0 means the same as setting it to the
               last frame of the clip.

[edit] External Links

read more from

Personal tools